Strategies to Have a Safe Journey

Female and male travelers are counted equally when it comes to traveling. Both are tend to get problems while traveling alone or traveling as a group. They endure the same struggles of carrying their mobile home on their back. But, we cannot disagree that the risk factors are high for the female travels compared to the male travelers. Due to their smaller size, female travelers are more vulnerable. They tend to get sexual harassment by men sometimes by women depending on the country where they travel.

World is a safe place. Unsafe situation occurs to the traveler, when they travel to an unstable war zones. Sometimes, traveling alone would also create unwanted issues. It is safe to start the trip during the day instead of preferring night travel unless any emergency. Traveler should be aware of the safety measures that the country or city could provide. It is advisable to research and collect the details of the tourist destination even far before you plan the trip. It would be helpful for you to prepare the necessary things to avoid the sudden surprises.

The above mentioned details are not to make you afraid and it does not mean that female should not travel. It is just to keep you extra cautious in some instances. This article would remind you the safety measures that you should remember while traveling.

Safety tips

1. Learn about the local dress codes and the customs. It is an offense to dress in appropriately in some countries. It sometimes makes them to turn towards you which would really make you embarrassing.

2.You should try to be a roman, if you are in Rome. It applies to the entire region. This would increase the acceptableness in travelers.

3. It is good to pretend as if you know the place instead of letting others know about your uncertainty. It may induce them to take an advantage. Hence, act like you know what you are doing and where you are going.

4. Be aware of the insecure places and avoid visiting there.

5. Do not afraid of someone who is bothering you or make you feel insecure. Be courageous and say a loud “NO” in front of everyone.

6. Do not consider the detestable comments and the unwanted signals from the local people. Sometimes they may really compliment and completely harmless. Due to the communication barriers they could have used inappropriate words. Hence, it is good to ignore them.

7. Your clothing should not attract the unwanted attentions. It is advisable to wear clothes which cover more of the body. It is the safer way of clothing.

8. It is safe to wait for all female train cars at your night traveling. (It is applicable for women)

9. If you are not comfortable staying alone, you can try to stay in a public place or in a crowded area.

10. Do not get afraid of the insecure atmosphere, now most of the countries and places are civilized and they encourage travelers. They have implemented safety measures to safeguard the travelers.

It is a requirement for travelers to consider the safety measures appropriately to have a safe journey.

Tracy Barb is an expert author and she has written many articles about vacation guide. Guide Gecko is a travel bookstore provides detailed travel guides.It offers wonderful Singapore travel guide guides at highly discounted rate.

Tattoo Back Design – Which Galleries Have Good Tattoos?

There is no need to look for a tattoo back design if everything on the net seems like generic art that isn’t worth your time. This is how many people end up feeling when looking for tattoos nowadays. It is getting harder and harder to find the galleries that have truly great artwork, especially if you are using a search engine. Well, I have found some simple things you can do to uncover a great tattoo back design and the tons of top notch galleries you have been missing.

Most people will not have a hard time finding a tattoo back design. While this is true, only about 5% of them will truly find the artwork that blows them away. Most will just run into the same low end, cookie cutter designs and end up settling on one that looks sort of decent. That is not the way to go about getting a tattoo back design, or any tattoos for that matter.

Some folks just have a choice, because they are tired of the endless search for quality tattoos. It’s not their fault, though. It’s actually the search engines fault, because they avoid pulling up the great websites with tattoos. They don’t do it on purpose, though. This is exactly why I want to share a simple secret about how to find the perfect tattoo back design and the tons of galleries that might have them.

It all starts (and ends) with internet forums. Now, this is not to be considered the “solution to end all solutions”, but it sure beats the heck out of the alternatives. The reason I love forums so much for finding tattoos is that they are filled with real live people. It is in these forums, preferably the bigger ones out there, where topics about tattoos come up quite frequently.

Most of the topics are loaded with information about where other people have found the great galleries of tattoos. All you have to do it go in there and pluck the links and thoughts of other people to find a good tattoo back design. At the very least, you will have a new list of websites that you would have never located by relying on a search engine.

It’s a simple way to find a great tattoo back design while finding tons of new galleries add to your list.

Want to know where to find the largest, most original websites to find the perfect Tattoo Back Design? [http://www.mynewgallery.com] Here ya go…

Adam Woodham is the author of this article and runs the blog Tattoo Art Design [http://www.mynewgallery.com], which features the 3 top websites, with the absolute largest gallery of tattoos, including tons of tattoo back design artwork. Finding the perfect tattoo has never been easier.

Basic Computer Education – The Importance of Computer Education Centers

If you have not been in a coma for the past 10 years then you probably have a computer in your home. As the technology changes and improves everyday it is becoming almost impossible for you to accomplish any task without the help of a computer. With the rapid growth of the computer industry there is also a rapid growth for the need of qualified computer professionals and this article will talk about where you need to go to get some basic computer education.

A computer center is the place you should go for basic computer education and these centers teach you a variety of things. Computer centers teach those in all different forms of learning from beginners to advanced computing skilled professionals. Other computer centers focus on teaching their students a certain operating system or programming language which will eventually make them experts in that area.

The most general computer courses you can take will teach you some basic skills with the operating systems such as Windows, Mac, Linux, or Unix. Other things that you will learn are some of the most used pieces of software such as Microsoft Excel, Word, PowerPoint, Internet Explorer, Photoshop, etc. The more advanced courses will cover topics such as graphic designing, system administration and network administration, security specialization, etc.

Like most schools computer education centers will vary in the size, teaching methods, and quality of the teaching. There are some centers that are only able to teach a few students while other schools are going to be able to teach hundreds. You should try to find a computer education center that provides you with basic computer education that is good quality while still having small classes. Just because the class is big does not mean it is the best quality plus you get less personalized attention from the teachers.

Another factor when you are looking for a place to get computer education you should find places that have been certified by the leading computer companies. If a computer education center has been certified by the leading companies in the computer world such as Apple, Cisco, Microsoft, IBM, etc. you should join those schools because those companies have given permission to those schools to teach products that have been released by them.

If you are looking for some basic computer education

Learned Societies – A New Beginning – Psychology & Philosophy

Abstract

In this paper I wish to discuss the revival of the Learned Societies as a form of intellectual freedom in an age of oppression of free-thinking and intellectual pursuit. In doing so I hope to show that the current state of discourse has been stifled by rules and regulations not unlike that of the Church and State of the early 16th and 17th centuries in Europe and else-where.

Discussion

The history of Learned Societies goes back to the seventeenth century and earlier when the Church, through Rome and the papacy, defined what constituted scientific learning in line with the dogma of the scriptures. Most universities of the time were controlled by strict hierarchy of what was deemed to be suitable for public consumption. Many great scholars found themselves alienated by the Church and the State if they miscalculated the propositions in their science which where to be in-line with religious thought, also that some things were not open to debate as they were a matter of faith. However scientific progress was not halted during this time but often went underground in secret societies where daring ideas could be discussed and investigated amongst the more liberal thinking of the time. Men dedicated to learning free of the rules and regulations inflicted on them by Church and State would gather secretly to discuss the philosophies and ideas of the day. In some countries they became recognised and even supported by Government where more open thought was permitted. Why then did these societies flourish at this time? The answer was the lack of progress in the Universities themselves as they were hampered by dogma from the Church and from the power structure that permitted only research that was approved by the older professors who mostly were Churchmen such as priests, deacons and followers of the one faith. Many who published books were added to Rome’s list of forbidden reading, this made sure no science that conflicted with the “Christian world view” was challenged. Another reason for the Learned Societies was the petty jealousies aroused in Universities by bright young minds applying novel thinking and scientific method to problems that in the past were left to faith. Therefore the often secret societies were fulfilling an important role left undone by the Universities in furthering investigations. I list some of the most influential societies below and there formation dates.

Accademia Secretorum Natural – Naples 1560

Accademia dei Lencei – Rome 1603

Accademia del Cimento – Florence 1657

Other countries stared a little later such as Germany 1700, Sweden 1710, and Russia 1724.

Some more important societies became part of the establishment and often received Royal patronage, such as the Accademie of Sciences in Paris founded by Jean Baptiste Colbert receiving a royal charter in 1666. The other is the Royal Society in England (1662) that went on to provide the support for many discoveries that led to advancements in Natural History and the recognition of achievement in other fields of science.

Many of these societies conflicted with Church and State and were often persecuted if found out and membership could mean excommunication from the Church or at worse beheading or torture and prison. However what forced men to take the risks was a love of discovery, intellectual pursuits and scientific advancement.

20th Century – The Stalemate?

Today we still have some of the original societies that now have become part of mainstream society and seen as established respectable organisations. The Royal Society in England and the Accamedie des Sciences in France both now still exist but there roles are now much more in line with current State and University ideology.

New modern societies have come into existence but have a very different form and notion of scientific advancement. These tend to be publishers of papers, (if approved and inline with current thinking) and more often disciplinary, in that they control membership and so in turn often employment and status. They offer Charters and membership certificates which are really approval papers (if your face fits you get in). This of course is all in line with the idea of a Meritocracy in modern thinking where-by only if you went to the right place and get the correct papers you can become part of the group. In the past of course many great men where interested in many areas of science and discovery and were not hampered by society rules of what you are allowed to do and not to do. Most of the great discoveries of the modern age would have been blocked by this system in the 1600 to 1800 period, as most scientists of the day did not have uniform or accredited papers to say they knew what they were doing. In fact a theology degree was the most common and this was the door at that time to University teaching.

So why did the early Learned Societies flourish, when the State and Church being all powerful, were against them in most cases? It is quite simple – free-thinking men cannot be hemmed in by rules and regulations that control information and restrict access to public dissemination of findings. We should add here that many of the great scientists of the past were not completely correct in their discoveries, but what was important, was that they led a direction that later scientists could follow and perfect.

Remember today’s paradigm is tomorrows folly.

Why call for a revival of Learned Societies today?

In it is the very fact that all the modern societies are rule bound and exclusive to the meritocracy of modern times that we now need to rethink the idea of freedom of thought and expression. As in the past – those that oppose the current thinking or suggest another truth are prevented from publishing or simply defrocked in the sense of losing membership of the society or association as a way to gag descent and prevent the general public from joining in a debate. If you are neatly discredited you cannot have access to journals, university positions, publishing and public assembly. A recent case in the United Kingdom is a good example, a university professor after exhaustive research supported the idea of race and intelligence being linked and that the genetic differences in race determined the intelligence quotient in subjects. In a world where everyone is supposed to be equal this went against government policy of race relations and the scientist’s association who promptly ridiculed him publicly amongst his peers and then proceeded to cancel his membership. This led to his dismissal from the University and subsequent alienation from academia. It is not a question of whether his research was valid or that his results were clearly accepted by other well-know scientists. The fact is he went against the powers that be, just as did Galileo and others in the 17th century and risked excommunication or death. Galileo recanted and had to wait until after his death to have his great discovery about cosmology accepted. Are we now in an age where the new faith of science is in the hands of bureaucrats, technicians and moralists who dictate what a scientist is allowed to investigate and publish?

In the modern world are we now so sure of our knowledge and systems that there is no room for the person, man or woman, who wants to think outside the box? Are we so scared of hearing the lone voice that goes against our thinking that as Kant indicated today’s firm knowledge is but an illusion of reality based on what we understand and know today. The changing of a paradigm is not an easy passage and in the past we made great men suffer for the knowledge they offered when it clearly went against current thinking.

I think it is time to call once again for secret societies, where intellectuals can talk freely without fear of investigation and persecution. The reader may believe I overstate my case but in fact ask most PhD students how much real choice they had in their thesis when under the guidance of an old professor with definite ideas about what constitutes knowledge and scientific enquiry. In the past Art in Paris and Europe flourished because there were no rules, each artist watched the work of others, each artist strived for originality and their own style to impress the world and convey their own emotions and intellect into art. Many died poor; the galleries were controlled by the old guard, the bastions of truth in art, and the money men. Is this where we are at in scientific thought today, needing associations to approve our work, governments to issue licenses to allow us to conduct experiments? Also these association’s codes and rules that hamper our imagination and force scientists to stay within the box, as defined by the past. In my own subject of psychology most learned regulated societies and associations are stuck in a 1950′s time warp and are so afraid of public controversy they heavily police the scientists that can only work with their approval and access to their journals.

Could a secret society today exist and have an impact as they had done so in the past? I believe they could – the internet gives access to blogs, spaces and other media that was in the past impossible to access. Now a secret society can publish its findings on the web and have the freedom to discuss any topic without fear of retribution. However in some countries the net is already being attacked by governments and agencies determined to control the content and access to the public. Sites are often closed down, people arrested and imprisoned in some cases. The Church’s power is now history over science, but the modern faith is now in societies and associations that determine moral and ethical standards that they believe we should be bound too. I am not saying that we do not need some guidelines to protect the innocent and the weak but most rules and regulations are designed to protect the powerful and wealthy for their interests and only a fool believes otherwise.

The New Secret Society

I would like to propose that a, Society of Thinkers, should form in every country to attract those people who want free debate and enquiry. Behind closed doors, with members having pseudomonas and internet handles, to identify them. An international website to allow each secret society to communicate its ideas and thoughts on psychology and philosophy to others around the world who are interested. This is not an anti-government movement or an anti-university movement simply the freedom to discuss and learn and advance science and thinking as it was in the past and maybe one day many years from now this society too with become mainstream and accepted by the State. Then it will have died a respectable death and a future generation must fight against ignorance and persecution from those who become the status quo.

Professor Stephen F. Myler PhD

Shanghai

References:

History of Systems of Psychology (2004) James F. Brennan – Peking University Press (Pearson Education – Prentice Hall Publishers. Pgs 80/81.

Times Educational Supplement (2000) Unknown source.

Dr. Stephen Myler is from Leicester in England, an industrial town in the Midlands of the United Kingdom. He holds a B.Sc (Honours) in Psychology from the UK’s Open University the largest in the UK; he also has an M.Sc and Ph.D in Psychology from Knightsbridge University in Denmark. In addition to this Stephen holds many diplomas and awards in a variety of academic areas including journalism, finance, teaching and advanced therapy for mental health. Stephen has as a Professor of Psychology many years teaching experience in colleges and universities in England and China to post 16 young adults, instructing in psychology, sociology, English, marketing and business. He has been fortunate to travel extensively from Australia to Africa to the United Sates, South America, Borneo, most of Europe and Russia. Stephen’s favourite hobby is the study of primates and likes to play badminton. He believes that students who enjoy classes with humour and enthusiasm from the teacher always come back eager to learn more.

Women Health Tips

DECLINING NUTRITIONAL VALUE IN FRUITS AND VEGETABLES MAY BE A CONCERN.

For years the debate has raged on about the benefits and drawbacks of modern farming techniques. Industrial agriculture or “hyper-farming” has resulted in giant strides in crop yield, but many claim nutrient content – and thus their total nutritional value to humans – has been suffering.
The average yield in terms of bushels per acre for major crops in the US has sky rocketed since the 1950′s. Corn is up 342%! Wheat is up 290% while both Soy beans and Alfalfa are up about 170%. Similar sorts of yield gains have occurred in Europe, Australia, Japan and other regions of the world as well.

Data presented by researchers from the Department of Soil Sciences at the University of Wisconsin Madison shows that while these great advances in crop yield have occurred in the last 50 years nutrient content has been under siege and declining. Similarly, a review of data published by the USDA’s ARC Nutrient Data Laboratory shows “a sharp decline in the minerals, vitamins and other nutrients in foods since the last comprehensive survey”, about 20 years ago.

NEW EVIDENCE ON NUTRIENT DEPLETION

Recent data published by Dr. David Thomas, a primary healthcare practitioner and independent researcher, looked at the difference between UK governments published tables for nutrient content published in 1940 and again in 2002. The comparison was eye-opening. It showed that the iron content of 15 different varieties of meat had decreased 47%. Dairy products had shown similar falls; a 60% drop in iron and up to a 90% drop in copper.

GREATER AVAILABILITY VERSUS LESS VALUE.

It is true that in the modern world of the industrial nations, fruits and vegetables availability is at an all time high. If we want it, it’s there. On the other hand despite this increased availability, fruit and vegetable consumption has not increased in the population. Indeed in many population sub-groups it has declined. When this knowledge is coupled to the reported declines in nutrient levels in foods, it has many healthcare providers, scientists, researchers and government officials looking for answers as to how we can hope to sustain the nutritional value and balance of our foods while needing to produce more and more from the same soils to feed an ever-growing population. So far the path ahead is uncertain at best.

NEW STUDIES SHOW PROTECTION CONNECTION BETWEEN TEA, FRUIT AND VEGETABLE CONSUMPTION AND WOMEN’S HEALTH.

Tea and Ovarian Cancer Risk: researchers at the karolinska Institute Division of Nutritional Epidemiology in Stockholm, Sweden conducted a 15 year follow-up study of more than 61,000 women aged 40 to 76. Their evidence, published in the archives of Internal Medicine (2005; 165 (22): 2683-2686) showed that those women who consumed tea on a regular basis had a dramatically lower risk for ovarian cancer. Tea drinkers who averaged less than one cup per day equaled an 18% risk reduction. One or more cups per day provided a 24% risk reduction and 2 or more cups a day showed a 46% risk reduction. As you might expect, these findings prompted the researchers to conclude “Results suggest that tea consumption is associated with a reduced risk of ovarian cancer.”

Soy and Women Health: Publishing their work in the January 15, 2006 issue of Cancer Research, a team of researchers from West Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA concluded that soy phytoestrogens may protect against breast cancer risk in post menopausal women. According to researchers from John Hopkins University presenting data at the November 15, 2005 meeting of the American Heart Association, consuming soy protein (20 grams per day for 6 weeks) reduced two strong indicators for coronary heart disease in postmenopausal African American women. The result show that LDL-cholesterol and another cholesterol marker known as LDL-P (P=particle number) were decreased in women taking soy protein, regardless of age or race.

How to Become Creative with Inspiration from Movies

How to Become Creative with Inspiration from MoviesCreativity is the constructive use of imagination in which you give material form to creative ideas. Everything created is first imagined. Being creative does not simply mean having a lot of ideas, but also materializing creative ideas in the real world. This article will teach you how to become creative with inspiration from your favorite movies.

Why You Need to Be Creative

When you stifle your creativity, you suffer consequences: your self-esteem diminishes, you feel perpetually unfulfilled, your life seems boring and small, and you envy other people’s creative successes.

In my coaching practice I see how creativity changes my clients’ lives. When they follow their creative ideas, a whole world opens up for them. They discover a new focus, become fully engaged in their lives. They feel energized and they gain a renewed sense of hope and self-confidence.
If you also want to experience true joy and renewed energy and if you want to tap into a perennial fountain of youth, develop a creative habit today.

How Creative Are You?

Take the following quiz. It will give you good insights into how you treat your creativity and how you use it to improve your life.

1. I don’t know how to use creative imagination for guidance and solutions when I’m stuck with a problem.

2. I don’t have an inner mentor to inspire me when I need a boost of self-confidence.

3. Every once in a while I put a creative idea into action. (e.g.: cook something from scratch, develop a business idea, design an outfit, work on my home, etc.) I should do it a lot more often.

4. I don’t trust my creative ideas and I seldom follow through with them.

5. To me, the word “imagination” means “escape from reality”

6. I don’t know the five characteristics of a creative habit.

7. My friends are not creative.

8. Only artists are creative people. I’m not an artist, so I don’t think I can be creative.

9. I never think about the meaning of these words:

Produce,

Reproduce,

Imitate,

Create,

and how they describe my happiness-seeking actions.

10. I’m not used to doing something creative to channel my negative emotions when I feel angry, hurt or distressed.

Give 0 point for each TRUE and 1 point for each NOT TRUE.

Check your score:

10-7: Congratulations! You should consider teaching others how to use creativity like you do!

7-4: Continue being creative every single day of your life. Correct your few “anti-creative” attitudes and become an example of a creative, fulfilled person to your family and friends!

3-1: Why don’t you take your creativity a little more seriously? It will give you many returns that very few activities can offer.

0: You stifle your creativity and suffer the consequences. Your life will change immediately if you develop a creative habit.

How Movies Can Help You Become Creative

The characters in the following films are different but they all share one characteristic in common: their lives are determined by their willingness to be creative. They can inspire you to trust your creativity and follow your creative impulses until they bring fruits in your life.
Choose a film and watch it alone or with a group of friends. Answer the questions at the end of the list in writing and discuss your answers with your friends. Repeat the same with more films of the list, as your time permits:

o Amadeus (1984); directed by Milos Forman

o Artemisia (1997); directed by Agnes Merlet

o Babette’s Feast (1987); directed by Gabriel Axel

o Chocolat (2000); directed by Lasse Hallström

o Frida (2002); directed by Julie Taymor

o Maya Lin: A Strong, Clear Vision (1994); directed by Freida Lee Mock

o Music of the Heart (1999); directed by Wes Craven

o Shall We Dance?(2004); directed by Peter Chelsom

Questions to answer:

1. What role does creativity play in the life of the main character of the story?

2. How does the environment respond to the main character’s creativity?

3. What forces in the character’s life do oppose his/her creativity? Notice that these forces may be not only external, but also internal.

4. How does the character stand up for his/her need to stay creative? How does he/she defend his/her creativity? List his/her actions and evaluate them.

5. How does the story reach you and what lessons did you learn about your own creativity?

6. What are you going to do to be more creative? List 3 things and start doing them immediately.

Tips on Developing A Creative Habit

In order to give you real benefits, a creative habit must have these characteristics:

1. It must give you energy.

2. It must hold your interest.

3. It must give you the freedom to make mistakes and see them as learning experiences.

4. It must challenge your thoughts, stretch your imagination, and generate new discoveries and problem-solving ideas.

5. It must increase your self-confidence and self- acceptance.

With these characteristics in mind, go ahead and explore your favorite creative habit. Here are three tips to help you along the way:

1. Interview three people you consider creative in any domain. Ask them about their creative habits and their relationship to their creativity. Ask them about the gifts they received from their creative habits. Ask for advice of how to develop and maintain a creative habit.

2. Read chapter 11, titled “Practice Creativity”, of Reel Fulfillment: A 12-Step Plan for Transforming Your Life through Movies. It has a list of steps and ideas on how to develop a creative habit. Pick one and follow through.

3. Have a Creativity party with your friends. Show them your favorite movie about creativity and then discuss your thoughts. Ask every person to bring a home-made treat. Now, that’s creative!

Maria Grace, Ph.D., is an expert at teaching people how to learn lessons from popular movies to find the job, home, relationship, and healthy body and mind they want. She is a Fulbright scholar, licensed psychotherapist, sought-after public speaker and coach, and the author of “Reel Fulfillment: A 12-Step Plan for Transforming Your Life through Movies” (McGraw-Hill, 2005). “Reel Fulfillment” was praised by Publisher’s Weekly as one of the top “self help books out of the self-help box” for 2005-2006.